A few introductory notes about The Gospel of John.
John was written by the Apostle of John, a member of Jesus’ inner circle.
John wrote five books in the New Testament. The Gospel of John. Three letters 1, 2, and 3, John. And the final book in the Bible: Revelation.
Of the four gospels, it’s largely agreed upon by Biblical scholars that John was the last one of them to have been written.
As a result, it’s likely that John was familiar with the other gospels. He omits many stories that the other gospels mention.
But John also includes events that are absent from the other gospels. John’s gospel doesn’t include parables. Most of the miracles in John’s Gospel are called signs, which point to Christ’s glory. All of those events are only found in John. In fact, there are only three miracles mentioned in John that are found in any of the other gospels: obviously there’s the resurrection, and the other two are Jesus feeding 5,000 and walking on water.
John’s gospel includes a series of statements which Jesus makes about himself which are called the “I am statements.” Jesus says “I am the light of the world,” ‘I am the good shepherd,” “I am the way the truth and the life” just to name a few. All of these are found only in John.
I love John’s Gospel because it constantly confronts you with absolute claims about who Jesus is, what his purpose was, and why he came into the world.